Compiled in Preparation for the Congress of the People, 1955. FSAW II A 1
Four months maternity leave on full pay for working mothers.
Properly staffed and equipped maternity homes, ante-natal clinics, and child welfare centres in all towns and
villages, and in the reserves and rural areas.
- Day nurseries for the children of working mothers.
- Nursery schools for the pre-school children.
Birth control clinics.
We demand these for all mothers of all races.
Compulsory, free and universal education from the primary school to the University.
- Adequate school feeding and free milk for all children in day nurseries, nursery schools, and primary and
Special schools for handicapped children.
- Play centres and cultural centres for school children.
Properly equipped playgrounds and sportsfields.
- Vocational training and apprenticeship facilities.
We demand these for all children of all races.
- Proper houses at rents not more than 10 per cent of the earnings of the head of the household.
Indoor sanitation, water supply and proper lighting in our homes. The right to own our own homes and the land on which we build them.
- The right to live where we choose.
Housing loan schemes at low rates of interest.
Lighting in our streets.
- Properly made roads and storm water drainage.
Adequate public transport facilities.
Parks and recreation centres.
Sportsfields and swimming pools.
- Public conveniences.
We demand these for all people of all races.
- Better shopping facilities, particularly in the non-European townships.
- More dairies, and full supplies of pasteurised whole milk.
- Mobile vegetable markets.
- Subsidisation of all protective foods: Bread, Meal, Meat, Milk, Vegetables and Fruit.
- Controlled prices for all essential commodities: Food, Basic Clothing, Fuel.
- Fair rationing of essential foods and fuel when in short supply.
We demand these for all people in all places.
- The right of all people to own and work their own farms.
- The development of all uncultivated land.
- The fair distribution of land amongst all people.
- The mechanisation of methods of food production.
The scientific improvement of land by:
a. Irrigation and intensive farming.
b. Control of soil erosion and improvement of the soil.
c. Supply of seed to all people producing from the land. Efficient organisation of the distribution and
marketing of food.
We demand sufficient food for all people.
- More and better land for the reserves.
- Schools for children living in the reserves.
- Maternity, medical and social services in the reserves.
- Shops and controlled prices in the reserves.
- Planned agricultural development of the reserves.
- The abolition of migratory labour which destroys our family life by removing our husbands and which destroys
their health through the conditions of their labour and the compound system.
We demand that the reserves become food producing areas and not reservoirs of cheap
- The transfer of trust farms to the ownership of the African people.
- The abolition of convict farm labour.
- The payment of minimum cash wages for all men and women on farms.
- The abolition of child labour on the farms.
- The abolition of the 'tot' system.
- Free compulsory universal education for all children in rural areas.
- Paid holidays for all farm workers.
- The inclusion of farm workers in all industrial legislation.
We demand these rights for all people in the rural areas.
- That equal invalidity and old age pensions be paid for people of all races.
- Homes and proper care for all aged and sick people.
- National medical services for all sick people.
- Adequate and equal hospital services for all people.
- Increased cost of living allowances adequate to meet the rising cost of living.
- That all African workers in all spheres of employment be covered by unemployment insurance and illness
- The consolidation of part of the cost of living allowance into basic wages.
- That no person be required to carry a pass or reference book.
- Equal rights for all people.
We demand these fundamental rights for all people.
We Demand for all women in South Africa
- The right to vote.
- The right to be elected to all State, Provincial or Municipal bodies.
- Full opportunities for employment in all spheres of work.
- Equal pay for equal work.
- Equal rights with men in property, in
marriage, and in the guardianship of our children.
And together with other women all over the world.
- The banning of atomic and hydrogen bombs.
- The use of the atom for peaceful purposes and the betterment of the world.
- That there shall be no more war.
- That there shall be peace and freedom for our children.
1 This list of demands was drawn up by the Transvaal FSAW for submission to the convenors of the Congress of the People for
incorporation in the Freedom Charter. It was first presented on 29 May 1955 and went through various revisions.
The document provoked a lot of discussion as it contained several controversial matters. One was that it appeared to accept the
notion of separate reserves for African people; the other was that it called for birth control clinics - an advanced demand for that
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