History Repeats Itself?
been many instances throughout history wherein the same or similar
events occur in a different period. Black people
in the United States, over the last hundred years, have experienced
six such instances.
The Civil War and the civil rights movement ended one hundred years apart. The most important speech during the Civil rights war was Lincoln's Gettysburg Address and the most important address of the Civil rights era was Dr. Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech. Each spoke of liberty for Black people.
Lincoln, because of the Emancipation Proclamation, was seen as the Great emancipator. John F. Kennedy was seen as a champion of the Civil Rights movement through his sponsorship of the Civil Rights Bill, and each president was assassinated and succeeded by a vice president with the last name of Johnson. Each Johnson pushed legislation through congress that benefited black freedom in the United States: Andrew Johnson supported the various Reconstruction bills during the mid to late 1860s (although he also vetoed bills beneficial to Blacks), and Lyndon B. Johnson supported affirmative action in the mid to late1960s.
Reconstruction, due to southern opposition
headed by the Democrats, began to falter in 1877. Aiding that
faltering was the party of Lincoln, the Republicans, wavering in their commitment
to Black equality. In 1977 the Bakke case made the
first significant chop at the foundation of Affirmation Action. Aiding
the efforts of the Republican Party in its backing of Bakke was the
lack of opposition from the Democratic Party, which previously supported