Listing and Definition of Elected Positions
Not every city, town, township, or municipality uses the term
alderman. Each alderman represents a geographical district, sometimes
referred to as a ward, that is a part of the city or town or township.
As a group, they form the legislative body of the city in which they
These officials belong to the lower level of a state legislature. They
represent a geographical district that includes a number of towns,
townships, cities, villages, or hamlets.
There are 435 congressional members. The number of representatives
each state has depends upon that state's population. The larger the
state's population, the more representatives it has allocated to
it. Thus, for example, the state of New York has more representatives
than Wyoming and Rhode Island. The representatives can come from any
political party and there does not have to be an equal number of
republicans, democrats, or members of any other political party. A state can gain or lose representatives based on an
increase or decrease in its population.
The Congress, also known as the House of
Representatives, is one half of what is referred to as the bicameral
legislature. The other half is the Senate. The idea of having such a
form of representation came from the early founders observing how the Iroquois
Nation (one of the many groups of the country's indigenous people that
are often referred to as Native Americans and Indians) governed
themselves and copying the same structure for the United States.
members of a city's or town's council are members of the
municipality's highest governing body. Depending upon the particular
city's charter, the mayor can have more power than the council, or
less. The term "strong council, weak mayor" refers to
charters that stipulate that the mayor cannot make many legislative
decisions without approval from the council.
Many towns and cities are divided into areas that are subdivisions of
a ward or council district. The district leader works closely with the
council member of the area and acts as a conduit for information
between the higher elected official and the officials' constituents.
The district leader has no voting power and does not participate in
the process of passing or rejecting bills.
The highest elected official in a state, the governor is responsible
for keeping abreast of all affairs in the state and works with the
state legislature in determining the states budget and laws. Governors
do not partake in the process of determining laws that affect the
nation, although they do, keep in contact with people that do in order
to insure that what is determined nationally does not have a negative
effect on their state.
The chief executive for a municipality, the mayor helps determine the
municipality's laws and all other affairs that affects the
The chief executive for the nation.
The chief law enforcement official of a municipality or county.
A member of the upper house in a state legislature.
The state senator has no jurisdiction outside his or her state.
A member of the upper house of the nations bicameral legislature. Each
state is allowed to have two Senators so there are 100 in total. There
does not have to be equal representation according to political party
affiliation. The United States Senators have state and national
The Senate is one half of what is referred to
as the bicameral legislature. The other half is the Congress. The idea
of having such a form of representation came from the early founders
observing how the Iroquois Nation (one of the many groups of the
country's indigenous people that are often referred to as Native
Americans and Indians) governed themselves and copying the same
structure for the United States.
Assistant to the president.